A Cesarean Section is the delivery of the baby through the mother’s abdomen. It has to be done rather than a normal vaginal delivery in several cases when the mother or child’s health is at risk, there are chances of infections or if the baby is not in the correct position. A C-section may be planned or unplanned, however, is done very commonly now. After a C-section, the next delivery can be done in either way.
A C-section may have to be done in case of-
- Genital Herpes
- Labor is slow, hard or lasts very long
- Mother or baby’s health in danger
- Incorrect position of the baby
- Baby is too big or small
Regular sonographies can help detect irregularities in the mother’s womb. The position and size of the baby can also be seen. Medical history of the mother is helpful in identifying the risks she may have during the pregnancy and if it is safe for her to deliver her baby normally. Blood tests of the mother can diagnose the presence of specific antibodies that may be present and hence, infections like genital herpes or gonnorrhea can be identified.
A horizontal incision is made in the abdomen and another in the uterus. The amnion sac is then ruptured and the baby is removed. The umbilical cord is cut and placenta is then removed. With the help of stitches, the incision in the uterus is closed.
After 3 – 5 days, the mother can go back home. It is essential to take lots of rest and care as the postpartum period is essential for recovery. The uterus will start to shrink to its normal size which may cause vaginal bleeding for which sanitary napkins may be used. The patient must take walks regularly to get rid of gas after the C-section. The mother will have to start breast-feeding the baby soon after the operation.